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Ashworth College PSYCHOLOGY s0v4 Exam 3

    Question

    Question 1 of 20 5 . 0/ 5 . 0 Points

    What is a specific, but limited, time usually early in an organism’s life, during which the organism is particularly susceptible to environmental influences relating to some particular facet of development?

    A .  Latent period

    B .  Sensitive period

    C .  Critical period

    D .  Plasticity period

    Question 2 of 20 5 . 0/ 5 . 0 Points

    Which of the following is NOT an explanation as to why a newborn’s body lacks easy mobility?

    A .  The baby’s head is disproportionately larger than its body .

    B .  Babies cannot get enough nourishment to increase their strength .

    C .  The baby’s limbs are relatively short in relation to the rest of the body .

    D .  Babies’ bodies are mostly fat, not muscle, so they lack the strength to pick their head up .

    Question 3 of 20 5 . 0/ 5 . 0 Points

    What was the argument presented for advocates of bottle-feeding?

    A .  Bottle-feeding had more nutrients .

    B .  Parents could keep track of the amount of milk the baby was receiving .

    C .  Bottle-feeding offered significant emotional advantages .

    D .  Bottle-fed babies were more responsive to their mothers .

    Question 4 of 20 5 . 0/ 5 . 0 Points

    At what age does the American Academy of Pediatrics and the American Academy of Family Physicians suggest that babies can start eating solid food?

    A .  6 months

    B .  8 months

    C .  10 months

    D .  12 months

    Question 5 of 20 5 . 0/ 5 . 0 Points

    Which principle states that development proceeds from the center of the body outward?

    A .  Cephalocaudal

    B .  Independence of systems

    C .  Proximodistal

    D .  Hierarchical integration

    Question 6 of 20 5 . 0/ 5 . 0 Points

    What is the term for the reflex that scientists feel represents a leftover response that humans inherited from their nonhuman ancestors?

    A .  Babinski

    B .  Rooting

    C .  Swimming

    D .  Moro

    Question 7 of 20 5 . 0/ 5 . 0 Points

    Due to malnutrition, a child’s stomach, limbs, and face may swell with water so that the child actually appears chubby, but in fact the child is suffering from:

    A .  nonorganic failure to thrive .

    B .  rickets.

    C .  marasmus.

    D .  kwashiorkor.

    Question 8 of 20 5 . 0/ 5 . 0 Points

    Babies are typically able to crawl between __________ months of age .

    A .  6 and 10

    B .  5 and 8

    C .  10 and 12

    D .  8 and 10

    Question 9 of 20 5 . 0/ 5 . 0 Points

    Breast feeding an infant for the first 12 months of life is the preferred method by child-care experts for all of the reasons below EXCEPT breast milk:

    A .  contains all the nutrients necessary for growth .

    B .  offers some immunity to childhood diseases .

    C .  is cheaper than store-bought formula .

    D .  is more easily digested than cow’s milk or formula .

    Question 10 of 20 5 . 0/ 5 . 0 Points

    What is the term for the degree of awareness an infant displays to both internal and external stimulation?

    A .  Rhythm

    B .  Attention

    C .  Sensitive period

    D .  State

    Question 11 of 20 5 . 0/ 5 . 0 Points

    If you examine the different growth patterns of a child’s body size, nervous system, and sexual characteristics, you would apply which principle?

    A .  Principle of the independence of systems

    B .  Cephalocaudal principle

    C .  Principle of hierarchical integration

    D .  Proximodistal principle

    Question 12 of 20 5 . 0/ 5 . 0 Points

    SIDS strikes about __________ infants in the U . S .  each year .

    A .  2500

    B .  10,000

    C .  100,000

    D .  1,000,000

    Question 13 of 20 5 . 0/ 5 . 0 Points

    Synaptic pruning means unused:

    A .  myelin is being removed in the brain .

    B .  dendrites are being removed in the brain .

    C .  axons are being removed in the brain .

    D .  synapses are being removed in the brain .

    Question 14 of 20 5 . 0/ 5 . 0 Points

    What is the term for the ability to detect sound and pinpoint the direction from which it is emanating?

    A .  Discrimination

    B .  Sound distinction

    C .  Sound travel

    D .  Sound localization

    Question 15 of 20 5 . 0/ 5 . 0 Points

    By the age of __________ months, babies can move themselves in different directions .

    A .  4

    B .  6

    C .  9

    D .  12

    Question 16 of 20 5 . 0/ 5 . 0 Points

    At approximately what age is a baby able to prominently open its hand and grasp a rattle?

    A .  at birth

    B .  3 months

    C .  6 months

    D .  10 months

    Question 17 of 20 5 . 0/ 5 . 0 Points

    The developmental researcher(s) who conducted the classic study regarding the “visual cliff” was/were:

    A .  Pavlov .

    B .  Skinner .

    C .  Bandura.

    D .  Gibson & Walk .

    Question 18 of 20 5 . 0/ 5 . 0 Points

    The “visual cliff” study indicates that most infants in the age range of __________ months cannot be coaxed to cross the “cliff . ”

    A .  6 to 14

    B .  5 to 12

    C .  12 to 14

    D .  8 to 14

    Question 19 of 20 5 . 0/ 5 . 0 Points

    What is the fatty substance that helps insulate neurons and speeds the transmission of nerve impulses?

    A .  Dendrites

    B .  Axons

    C .  Myelin

    D .  Synapse

    Question 20 of 20 5 . 0/ 5 . 0 Points

    What principle means that we would likely develop visual abilities (located in the head) well before we master the ability to walk (closer to the end of the body)?

    A .  Independence of systems

    B .  Hierarchical integration

    C .  Cephalocaudal

    D .  Proximodistal

     

     

     

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