anthropology response

Leave substantive* comments on THREE (3) other student posts – select ones who wrote about different examples than you selected. Use this as an opportunity to learn what they have to share. (50+words each)

*Substantive comments extend the conversation, ask a question, or offer an observation – strive to create a dialogue. Comments that consist of only praise will be awarded 1/5 points.

1. The two primates I chose to explore are the adult male gorilla and the adult male human. Based on the bones for the gorilla, it looks like the bones are very heavy and large. Looking at the foot, the toes/fingers are way longer than that of a adult male. The teeth of a gorilla look different than that of a human, although the cranium is somewhat similar. Their teeth look more thicker and it looks like they have less of them.The zygomatic looks pretty similar in both the gorilla and the human. The tibia of the gorilla looks thicker than that of a human. But overall the bone shapes are pretty similar but the size varies.There are many foundations and institutions to protect endangered animals in the wild. Jane Goodall works with gorillas in the wild to build a better connection with them. Through her banana club and impact on Africa, she is promoting a better life for these animals.

Some things we can do to protect endangered primates is advocate for increased funding, protect and restore habitats, reduce threats to wildlife, and create a tourism program to show people what is out there. All these options will help create a better and long lasting environment for these animals.

2. So for this assignment, I decided to look into the adult male ruffed lemur and the adult mouse lemur. I noticed that their cranium is similar in the oval shape as well as the eye sockets. The teeth of the mouse lemur seems to be more apparent as they are a bit smaller but there is more teeth. While trying to look at the ribcage of the adult male lemur and adult mouse lemur, I noticed there is not any pictures of the ribcage for the adult male ruffed lemur. I am assuming this means they do not have ribcages possibly while the mouse lemur does. If that is the case, that is interesting how they can be similar but so different. One obvious similarity is that they have similar femurs. The bones and joints look alike. It is also interesting how all strepsirrhines are under the taxonomic Lemuriformes. Apparently there are two superfamilies which are Lemuroidea and Lorisoidea. The lorises are found on land of Africa and Asia while the lemurs are only found at Madagascar

There are a lot of important actions that can be taken to reduce risk to endangered non-human primates. Some of them are to educate people. This can be done with groups and organizations that have a goal in mind and to help by educating. When people are informed, there will be a better understanding and awareness of what is really going on and how much impact there is. Along with that, there needs to be action to help alleviate the loss and promote the multiplicity of the endangered non-human primates. Some examples can be conservation or aid groups that take care of them until they’re healthy enough.

3. Orangutan and Human molars are very similar. The incisors though of the orangutan are obviously different than humans. They are much larger and there is a reason for this. It is likely due to the tougher foods that orangutan eat compared to humans such as bark and leaves. The femur of the orangutan and Humans have similar structures. The femur of the orangutan is shorter. The skull of the orangutan is very different from the human. The top of the skull is more rounded on the human. The human skull’s eye sockets are spaced with a bridge of the nose separating the two eyes and nose is more elongated vertically. The orangutan has protruding skull with similar sized large eye sockets. However, the eyes are closer together and the nose has more of a protrusion dorsally or horizontally. The orangutan skull in general viewed dorsally is longer horizontally than humans and the incisors mentioned before are much larger than humans. Where the human cranium is smooth, the orangutan cranium has a significant ridge near the back of the skull. It is quite interesting how different the skulls are.

From reading the information on the website and browsing the Roots and Shoot program, the most effective approach to conserving endangered primates is to educate. Educate those who are in power and teach compassion towards saving not only primates but all animals and the environment. This itself is a tall task because adults are less prone to change so the next most effective practice is to make sure to educate future generations so that when they find themselves in a position to make a difference then they will. Teaching children the importance of protecting their local environment and their local ecosystem is very important. The ideology will become a habit and there is no reason to doubt that these habits will not carry to environments not their own. As an example, I learned when I was stationed in Georgia quite a few years ago that it wasn’t common practice to recycle and I took it upon myself to find a solution. It was common in California at the time and it felt uncomfortable not to do it. Good habits can be taught and it takes these small steps and more to ultimately make a big difference such as saving primates.

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